Now let’s take what you learned from the previous post to the next level. We’re going to make complete sentences, then create flashcards to “repeat” them out loud and “practice” them in order to retain what we’ve learned.
Review the following sentence patterns and pay special attention to the sample sentences. Keep the vocabulary flashcards from the previous post. You will need them to complete this exercise.
Read over the sentence patterns, then review the sample sentences.
1. querer = to want
Quiero + el/la/los/las (entremés, plato principal o postre) por favor. = I want + (appetizer, main dish, drink or dessert).
Quiere + el/la/los/las (entremés, plato principal o postre) por favor. = (He, he, she or you) wants/want (appetizer, main dish, drink or dessert).
Quisiera + el/la/los/las (entremés, plato principal o postre) por favor. = (I, he, she or you) would like + (appetizer, main dish, drink or dessert).
- Quiero la sopa de vegetales por favor. = I want the vegetable soup please.
- Quiere los plátanos maduros por favor. = He wants the sweet plantains. *Note. Also means she or you…
- Quisiera el tres leches por favor. I would like the tres leches. *Note. Tres leches is the name of the dessert so it remains in singular form. Also note that this sentence could also mean He wants, she wants or you want. Using “quisiera” is a much more polite way to ask for something.
2. comer = to eat
Hoy quiero comer + el/la/los/las (entremés, plato principal o postre). = I want to eat +the (appetizer, main dishor dessert).
Hoy quiere comer + el/la/los/las (entremés, plato principal o postre). = I want to eat + the (appetizer, main dish or dessert).
Hoy quisiera comer + el/la/los/las (entremés, plato principal o postre). = Today (I, he, she or you) would like to eat the (appetizer, main dish, or dessert)
- Hoy quiero comer el pescado. = Today I want to eat the fish.
- Hoy quiere comer el pollo. = Today she wants to eat the chicken.
- Hoy quisiera comer la ensalada. = Today I would like to eat the salad. *Note. You couldn’t say “comer la sope” in Spanish instead “tomar la sopa”.
3. tomar/beber= to drink
Hoy quiero tomar + un/una (bebida). = I want to drink + a/an (drink).
Hoy quiere tomar + un/una (bebida). = I want to drink + a/an (drink).
Hoy quisiera tomar + un/una (bebida). = Today (I, he, she or you) would like to drink + a/an (drink).
- Hoy quiero tomar una cerveza. = Today I want to have a beer.
- Hoy quiere tomar un jugo de naranja. = Today she wants to have an orange juice.
- Hoy quisiera tomar un agua. = Today I would like a water. *Note. Agua is a femine word, but it is preceded by “un” and not “una” due to a grammar rule that states if a word begins with a stressed “a” sound then you precede it with the indefinite article “un”.
4. dar = to give, traer = to bring, to come with
The verb “dar” is not used as a command here so it is not pushy. This is a question and ,therefore, it is polite.
¿Me da + un/una/el/la/los/las (entremés, plato principal, bebida o postre) para mi (entremés, plato principal, bebida o postre)? = Can you give me + (appetizer, main dish, drink or dessert) for my (appetizer, main dish, drink or dessert)?
¿Me trae + un/una/el/la (bebida) por favor? = Can you bring me + a (drink) please?
¿Qué trae el/la (plato principal)? = What comes with the (main dish)?
- ¿Me da los tostones para el entremés y el pollo para el plato principal? = Could you give me the the fried green plantains as my appetizer and the chicken as my main dish.
- ¿Me trae una cervez⌠a por favor? = Could you bring me a beer please?
- ¿Qúe trae el pescado? = What comes with the fish?
Here are some Spanish verbs that replace an entire phrase in English “to have (breakfast, lunch or dinner)”. It is not correct to say “tener desayuno, tener almuerzo or tener cena” nor “comer desayuno, comer almuerzo or comer cena”.
-desayunar = to have breakfast
-almorzar = to have lunch
-cenar = to have dinner
- ¿Quisieras desayunar conmigo el lunes? = Would you like to have breakfast with me on Monday?
- Almuerza todos los días con su mamá. = He has lunch with his mom everyday.
- Cena a las ocho una vez la semana. = She has dinner at 8 once a week.
Repeat + Practice
Create flashcards for the verbs, indirect objects (un/una) and direct objects (el/la/los/las) out of index cards and combine these new cards with the ones you made for the post from Part 1. Create the flashcards the same way you did in Part 1. Then read the following instructions.
Flashcard Drill Instructions
- Make separate piles for each type of word facing up in Spanish. Then spread the piles loosely in order to see many of the cards.
- Make sentences following the sentence patterns above by choosing a card from each pile.
- Create as many sentences as possible while saying them out loud. This time realize you will not be able to check your answers on the back of the cards because the sentence order can be different between the two languages.
This is where it all comes together. Unless you use what you have just “uploaded” into your brain you will lose it. So I challenge you to do one of the following.
- Go to the Latin/Spanish section closest to where you live and find a eatery where the majority of the staff speaks Spanish.
- Search online for reviews of the most authentic Latin American restaurants closest to you. They can be Mexican, Peruvian, Venezuelan, Colombian, etc. Have fun go eat there, but order in Spanish!
- Invite a Spanish-speaking friend out to lunch or dinner. Ask what their favorite place to eat is, but you must speak in Spanish! It will be a much more successful exercise if you invite a friend that does NOT speak much English.